C

Collective project
A project presented by Farmers'. Associations that provides for inter-company investments, tangible and intangible, in collective form, aimed at improving the profitability, competitiveness and sustainability of the farms of the members.

Commitments, Criteria and Obligations (ICO)
Elements related to the eligibility for support of sub-measures/operations to which beneficiaries must adhere from accession to the Notice until the end of the commitment period. These ICOs for the purposes of the VCM (Evaluation Controllability Measures - art. 62 EU Regulation n. 1305/2013) are broken down into individual Control Elements (CE). The CEs are detailed according to the timing of the control, the type of control, the sources to be used and the specific operating modes of execution of the controls (so-called control Active operator: a member of an Association of Producers that declares to participate in the project proposal and adheres to one of the Quality Regimes referred to in paragraph 3. 1 below.

Commitment period
Period of validity of the commitments entered into which is determined under the Submeasure.

Containment Zone
Area of the infected zone about 20 km from the boundary with the buffer zone.

Contemporary forest
Stand characterized by the presence of trees that are the same age or that, more frequently, were born a short time later, so that the conditions in which they have grown, particularly with regard to competition, can be considered uniform (source: “Selvicoltura generale" P. Piussi, UTET). 
Uneven-aged forest: a vegetal stand in which all ages are represented, in theory, up to those of the oldest tree, with a number of individuals progressively decreasing with age (source: “Selvicoltura generale" P. Piussi, UTET).

Coppice
Is a form of forest management in which the formation of the new stand takes place through suckers produced by buds (vegetative/agamic propagation). This renewal allows the conservation of a genotype that has proved to be particularly suitable for a given environmental situation (source: “Selvicoltura generale" P. Piussi, UTET).  Composed coppice: is a stand where both forms of government (coppice and forest) coexist on the same surface (source: “Selvicoltura generale" P. Piussi, UTET).